Friday, March 29, 2013

Stop Repetition of Kudankulam & Jaitapur at Kovvada in AP State

Kudankulam NPP in Tamilnadu

At Present there is a strong public agitation against commissioning of first two Nuclear Reactors (Units 1&2) of 1000 MW capacity each at Kudankulam in Tirunelveli District of Tamilnadu.  The agitation against this Nuclear Plant started way back 1989 The Govt of India chose to continue to give life to the first Environmental Clearance given in 1988-89, so that its lease of life prolonged, although under usual circumstances the validity of environmental clearance is valid only for 5 years for all industrial projects. 

The public were not involved in  the emergency preparedness plans and in chalking out evacuation schemes to protect public health and the environment in the case of a maximum credible accident like the one which occurred at Fukushima in Japan in March 2011.  Even without making a scientific based mock drill for emergency preparedness and disaster management consequent to a potential nuclear reactor explosion, the authorities are misleading  the public,  

As a result, NPCIL has not been able to commission even the 1 st Unit KKNPP, after a lapse of two decades and spending about Rs 14, 000 Crores on the project. Yet the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) headed by the Prime Minister of India, has approved the proposal to grant administrative and financial sanction for constructing units 3 & 4 at the Kudankulam site. This sounds like a practical joke being played on the people of India even as the KKNPP units 1 & 2 are born still with the people of southern Tamil Nadu and Kerala have been waging a massive struggle against KKNPP for almost 600 days. This clearly shows the utter apathy and indifference the Central Govt. has for the precepts and practices of democracy in India.  

 There are several cases pending against the KKNPP as a whole and the KKNPP units 3-6 in particular at the Delhi High Court, the Supreme Court and the National Green Tribunal (NGT) about the various clearances, waste management, liability and so on. This announcement may amount to a serious contempt of all these courts.


Jaitapur NPP in Maharashtra


 Based on the authorization from DAE letter dated 20 th October, 2005, the NPCIL submitted application to District Administration, Ratnagiri for acquiring land admeasuring around 970 ha for Project Site and Residential Complex of proposed Jaitapur Nuclear Power Park (JNPP). The Divisional Commissioner, Konkan Division issued Notification dated 23-12-2005 published in Maharashtra State Gazette 12-01-2006, under Section -11 of subsection (1) of Maharashtra Project Affected Rehabilitation Act, 1999, notifying the land use from villages Madban, Karel, Niveli and Mithgavane of Rajapur Taluka, District Ratnagiri for establishing JNPP

 The expeditious Environmental Clearance (EC) for JNPP dated 28 th November 2010 was  justified, saying that it was essential to facilitate NPCIL and AREVA to sign General Framework Agreement as well as Works Agreement very soon and the Final Contracts in the first half of 2011. In other words, to meet the target date for the scheduled visit of the French President in the first week of December 2010. Mr. Jairam Ramesh, the then MOEF, by his Note  dated 28-11-2010, made public the detailed reasoning  for granting Environmental Clearance (E.C) to Jaitapur Nuclear Power Complex of NPCIL, because of Weighty Strategic and Economic reasons in its favour, in spite of issues/concerns regarding preservation of marine biodiversity, an area in which India has been very week..

The Environmental Clearance (EC) was granted to JNPP in a unholy hurry stipulating 35 conditions, without waiting for the "Carrying Capacity" and "Cumulative Impact Assessment" Studies, which are considered essential for ecologically sensitive region of Ratnagiri, and even without finalizing the project design and approval by AERB. It is evident, the entire EIA Process for Jaitapur NPP of NPCIL is nothing but going through a formality/ritual about a predetermined project, marginalizing the environmental & safety considerations and the public opinion. The failure on the part of NPCIL, to identify the specific issue pertinent to the project site –namely adverse impact on marine biodiversity pointed out by BNHS–and for its inclusion in EIA / EMP Reports, cannot be justified by MOEF by any stretch of imagination.

The same pattern of short-circuiting of Environmental Law, practiced at Jaitapur is now being repeated at Kovvada in AP State. Perhaps, the same pattern was followed in the KKNPP in Tamilnadu.

Kovvada Nuclear Power Park (KNPP) in Andhra

The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) Govt. of India constituted a "Site Selection Committee"( SSC) chaired by the Managing Director, NPCIL, for identifying possible sites for Nuclear Power Plants. The DAE based on the recommendation of SSC, accorded "In Principle" approval in October 2009 for setting up 6X1000 MW Nuclear Power Park (NPP) at the Kovvada site in Srikakulam district of AP State. The NPCIL did not prepare and submit the Site Evaluation Report (SER) highlighting the site related aspects regarding environmental and safety considerations, as required by Safety Guide of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB).

 Based on this "In Principal" approval of DAE, which has no sanctity/finality in the absence of the Site Clearance/Approval by AERB and the request from NPCIL, the Govt' of AP issued G.O.Ms.No 42 dated 01-11-2012, approving the proposal of District Collector, Srikakulam district, to issue Notification, under the National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy of 2007 and to be published in the extraordinary issue of the Andhra Pradesh Gazette dated 02-11-2012.

 Accordingly, Ranmachandrapuram, Gudem, Kotapalem, Tekkali and Jeeru Kovvada villages of Ranasthalam Mandal in Srikakulam District are notified as  the villages likely to be affected under the proposed 6x1000MWe Nuclear Power Park of Light Water Reactors of Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL). As per the Notification, 1983 families with population of 7,960, in an area of 1916 Acers are covered by the "Project Affected Zone". The livelihood of the entire population to be displaced by the proposed land acquisition is based on Fishing/Agriculture/ Agriculture Labour.

The Site Evaluation for nuclear installation in terms of nuclear safety is to protect the environment and the public from the radiological consequence of radioactive releases due to accidents, etc. The mandatory Site Evaluation Report not only provides the technical basis of the Site Safety analysis report, it contains technical information useful for fulfilling the Environment impact Assessment for radiological hazards. Therefore, it follows that the Site Evaluation Report forms an important basis of Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Report as well. In order to appreciate the conclusion reached in the Environment Impact Assessment, the citizens must have access to the Site Evaluation Report as well. This will enable the public to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the likely environmental impact of the project.


As per AERB Safety Guide for NPP, the Assessment and  Consenting Process starts with Siting of the Plant, to determine whether the chosen site is suitable for the proposed type and capacity of the plant from environmental and safety considerations. Unless and until the site is approved by the AERB form the environment and safety point of view, the question of acquisition of land for the site of the Nuclear Power Park doesn't arise. It's an exercise in futility. As per the information available, AERB has not received any proposal from NPCIL regarding the proposed NPP at Kovvada Site.

As per the latest info received from MOEF, NPCIL now proposes to increase the capacity of KNPP from earlier proposed 6 X 1000 MW= 6000 MW  to 6 X 1596 MW = 9 564 MW, stating that there will be no change in the requirement of Land, Water, Waste Disposal etc., which may not be correct. The Nuclear Waste generated by the revised capacity is bound to be 50% more than that of the earlier capacity, just in the form of Spent Nuclear Fuel Rods.  


 The approval of AERB for the NPP Site at Kovvada, which is a mandatory requirement form the environment and safety point of view has not so far been obtained by NPCIL even for 6 X 1000 MW capacity, leave alone the revised capacity of 9564 MW capacity which will be much more hazardous and disastrous in the event of an accident.


Any hasty action by the State Govt for acquisition of the required land and the Environmental Clearance by MOEF GOI, without the prior AERB Mandatory Clearance for the Site Selection form the environment and safety point of view, and its suitability for the proposed type and capacity of the plant, involving elaborate process of Site Evaluation Report which forms an important basis of E I A Report, will only go against the Public Safety and Environment Protection. It makes the entire process of EIA and Environmental Public Hearing a mockery, as in the case of Kudankulam and Jaitapur.



Sunday, March 10, 2013

Important Quotes of Swami VIVEKANANDA (Contd.)

8. Weakness

The remedy for weakness is not brooding over weakness, but thinking of strength.

All power is within you; do not believe that you are weak. You can do anything and everything.

9. Creator of your own Destiny

Whatever you think, that you will be. If you think yourselves weak, weak you will be. If you think yourselves strong, strong you will be.

Hold the ideal a thousand times, and if you fail a thousand times, make the attempt once more.

Stand up, be bold, be strong and know that you are the creator of your own destiny.

10. Secret of Success

All the secret of success is to pay as much attention to the means as to the end.




Thursday, March 7, 2013

Important Quotes of Swami VIVEKANANDA (Contd.)

4. Awaken Sleeping Soul


Call upon the sleeping soul and see how it awakes. Power will come, Glory will come, Goodness will come, Purity will come, and everything that is excellent will come when this Sleeping Soul is roused to self conscious activity.

5. Secret of Religion

The secret of religion lies not in theories but in practice. To be Good and to do Good- that is the whole of religion.

6. Character

Character has to be established through a thousand stumbles.

7. Great Nation

Three things are necessary to make every Man Great, every Nation Great.

1)   Conviction of the powers of Goodness.

2)   Absence of Jealousy and Suspicion

3)   Helping all who are trying to be and to do Good.

                            (To be continued)




Saturday, March 2, 2013

Important Quotes of Swami VIVEKANANDA

The education, which does not help individuals to equip themselves for struggle of life, which does not bring out strength of character, a spirit of philosophy and the courage of a lion  -Is it worth the name ?
2 Truth
Truth, Purity and Unselfishness; wherever these are present, there is no power below or above the Sun to crush the possessor thereof. Equipped with these, one individual is able to face the whole universe in opposition.
3 Dharma
Doing good to others is is Virtue (Dharma);  Injuring others is Sin.
Strength and manliness are Virtue;  Weakness and cowardice are Sin.
 Independence is Virtue;  Dependence is Sin.
 Loving others is Virtue;  Hating others is Sin.
Faith in God and in one's own self is Virtue;  Doubt is Sin.
                                           ( To be continued )